The name comes from Las sergas de Espladián (Adventures of Spladian), a 16th-century book by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo, where there is an island paradise called California. The eastern part of the state has the highest point in the United States outside of Alaska, Mount Whitney, in the Sierra Nevada mountain range. The DROS fee is $31.19 which covers the costs of the background checks and transfer registry. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Saving your California location allows us to provide you with more relevant information. It is the third largest US state by total area (after Alaska and Texas) with 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2) and the largest by population with over 39 million people as of 2019. New CA Safe Schools for All hub gives updates on COVID-19 plan. The diverse landscapes of California from Mount Whitney to Death Valley. California has been hit with devastating wildfires and other natural disasters in both the northern and southern parts of the state. The fluid nature of the state’s social, economic, and political life—shaped so largely by the influx of people from other states and countries—has for centuries made California a laboratory for testing new modes of living. Contributing Editor, Encyclopædia Britannica; Literary Critic. It was adopted by the 1911 State Legislature as the State Flag. If California was a separate country, it would have the sixth largest economy in the world. Engineering and computers play a big part in the state's life. In 1900, there were only a million people in California and 105,000 in Los Angeles. The Hayward Fault in the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Gabriel fault zone in metropolitan Los Angeles have produced several major earthquakes, though the destructive quake centred in the Los Angeles suburb of Northridge in 1994 occurred along one of the San Andreas’s larger secondary faults. The state’s enormous power didn’t happen because of modern-day progressivism. Both the highest and lowest points in the 48 conterminous states are in the state of California—Mount Whitney and Death Valley, respectively. The bear in the flag is a symbol of strength and resistance. California county map. Mount Dana from Tioga Pass, Yosemite National Park, east-central California, U.S. Sequoia National Forest, east-central California. Its single opening is the delta through which the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers drain into San Francisco Bay. The state, country or other place under which laws a business entity was organized. The only other way was to travel by boat around the Cape Horn, at the southern end of South America. The state’s three largest utilities turned off power to more than 410,000 homes and businesses on Friday, Aug. 21, then again to half as many Saturday, Aug. 22. It has a gross state product (GSP) of US$3.2 trillion as of 2019. California, constituent state of the United States of America. Higher up are juniper and piñon pine. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Before that, it was explored by Europeans in the 16th and 17th century. [17][18] Over 10% of the Fortune 1000 companies were based in California in 2018.[19]. The United States of America accepted California as the 31st state to enter the union. The valley is a heavily irrigated agricultural area known for its winter crops. Senator Tom Berryhill served California's 8th Senate District from 2010-2018. No other state can say the same. Just like wearing masks, physical distancing, handwashing and avoiding gatherings, CA Notify is another tool to help prevent the spread of COVID-19. The largest lake of the Sierra Nevada is Lake Tahoe, astride the California-Nevada border at an elevation of 6,229 feet (1,899 metres). The desert is most like Arizona, Northern California is most like Oregon. The Sierra Nevada rises just to the west of the Trans-Sierra desert. California's eclectic population is demonstrated through interviews with extreme mountain biker Hans Rey, billionaire James Goldstein, and activist Julia Butterfly Hill. California Statutes are Chaptered Bills. The Colorado River Aqueduct at the Arizona border carries water from that river across the southern California desert and mountains to serve the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Redwood trees in Redwood National Park, northwestern California. The Death Valley is actually a desert that is situated on the northern side of the Mojave … California was more conservative during the 1960s and 1980s when its former governor, Ronald Reagan, ran for president as a Republican. California State Location Map. It is often called The Golden State. The first European who visited parts of the coast, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, came from Portugal in 1542. The eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada is sheer, dropping some 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) within a 10-mile (16-km) stretch near Owens Lake. The former is the culminating summit of the Sierra Nevada, one of the major mountain ranges of North America. * Street Address * City * Zip. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. California, constituent state of the United States of America. California is a place unlike any other on the Globe. 20 Words That People from California Say There is always something different and unique in a place. California … Its largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco. The sparsely settled northeastern corner of the state is a jumble of barren plains and mountains, as well as a volcanic plateau. QuickFacts California. California’s alienation from conservative America has only deepened with the rise of Donald Trump. When you consider the California legal system and its … Updates? California is the only state that has hosted both the Summer and Winter Olympics. For California, this means we get 55 votes (2 senators and 53 members of the House of Representatives) --- the most of any state. Starting in 1965, the variety of people became much greater as many different people from around the world came to the United States and often decided to live in California. Some people in Southern California even wanted Southern California to leave the rest of the state and join the Confederate States of America. This area covered the Mexican lands south of it, as well as Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona and Wyoming. California, the most populous state in the nation, is home to Hollywood's stars, Silicon Valley's technology, Napa Valley's wines and ancient Redwood and Sequoia forests. The word, "California Republic" was placed beneath the star and bear. [10], The cities of Sacramento, Bakersfield, and Fresno are in the Central Valley. This is the area of coastal redwood forests and Redwood National Park, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. Southeastern California has the Mojave Desert and Death Valley, the lowest place in the United States. You know how in Steinbeck the Okies had such a miserable time getting here, and then they … You may be familiar with New York and Nebraska, but are there 11 U.S. states with names that begin with the letter "N?" California Law consists of 29 codes, covering various subject areas. Amendments instituted by Gov. The current state of California has become governed by a tyranny, which rivals those expressed in the above documents. Area 163,695 square miles (423,967 square km). The states that are least like California are the southern states, which are far more humid. California has recent rate changes (Wed Jul 01 2020). California is probably the state with the most ethnic groups. California State Location Map. (Pen. California’s Taxes and Regulations. California is really diverse. California, officially the State of California, is a state in the western part of the United States. Available 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding state holidays. See if your knowledge of names is nimble—or numb—in this quiz of states and cities. The west-central part of the state has some small mountains and the cities of San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland. However, this did not happen. Slang words might be informal but is a highly creati Meaning of California. The star imitated the lone star of Texas. The Spanish called the part of the land that later became part of the United States Alta California (Upper California) when it was split from what became Baja California (Lower California). General Assistance. California is thought to be a very liberal state, but there are still a lot of people who are Republicans and view Ronald Reagan as a hero. ("Baja" means "lower" in Spanish.) In the south the Central Valley is closed off by the transverse ranges, most notably the Tehachapi Mountains, which are regarded as a dividing wall between southern and central California. In the past, the area that was called "California" was not just today's California. Going by land was very difficult, because there were no roads and no trains, and many Native Americans were attacking American people heading West in wagons. As California entered the 20th century, important changes began to shape the state's destiny. • The total state fee is $37.19. Persons arriving in California from other states or Californians returning from other states or countries could introduce new sources of infection (potentially including new strains of the SARS-CoV-2 virus) to California. The distribution of confirmed COVID-19 cases reveals significant disparities within California’s overall racial and ethnic demographics, with Latino and Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander groups having a disproportionate number of cases relative to their population in the state. By the same token, "L.A. face and an Oakland booty" has no out-of-state equivalent. On This Page. Senator from the state. The Mexican portion became the Mexican states of Baja California Norte (north) and Baja California Sur (south). Effective January 1, 2017, the minimum wage for all industries will be increased yearly. Or call 800-807-6755 was born in Yorba Linda, California still leads the country, it would have sixth. Above sea level some small Mountains and the cities of Sacramento, Bakersfield, and the cities Sacramento. 1900, there were only a million people in today 's California fee. 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