Ornaments were worn by both men and women, rich or poor. for 800 years. These cultures were associated with distinctive pottery, evidence of agriculture and pastoralism; Grains found at Harappan sites include wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame. It is called Harappan civilization because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modem site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. Get in touch with our course counselors to get more information about our courses. Harappa was the first site of the civilization to be excavated in 1921. Ltd.)641, 1st Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Opp Signature View Apartment, New Delhi-110009, Please login or register to view note list, Please login or register to list article as bookmarked, Please login or register to make your note, Please login or register to list article as progressed, Copyright © 2018-2021 Drishti The Vision Foundation, India. Home; Daily Current Affairs; SYLLABUS. They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea. 1. • Enormous quantities of wood were needed to make copper and bronze and Ratnagar maintains that, this would have devastated the surroundings forests. B. Drainage System. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. It extended from Jammu in the north to the Naramada estuary in the south, and from the Makran coast of Baluchistan in the west to Meerut in the north-east. The Indus valley people were very fond of ornaments (of gold, silver, ivory, copper, bronze and precious stones) and dressing up. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. Apart from making artefacts out of pure copper, Harappan craftspersons alloyed copper with arsenic, tin, or nickel. Land and sea trade was in vogue in Indus Valley Civilization. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a bronze-age civilization. Another important feature of IVC is the drainage system. Indus Valley Civilization Pottery, remained plain most of the times and it further enabled us to understand the gradual evolution of various design motifs as employed in different shapes, and … The Indus valley civilization gradually developed to a full-fledged civilization which has been established through a continuous sequence of strata named as Pre-Harappan, Early Harappan, Mature Harappan and Late Harappan … Indus valley civilization of India is even superior to that of Mesopotamia and Egypt.The Indus-Valley people were well-acquainted with the use both of cotton and wool. Although the Harappans practised agriculture, The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is witnessed by the, Metal money was not used and trade was carried by. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning. Since at … This falsifies the AIT account that the Rig Veda … Granary was the largest building of Mohenjodaro. Harrapan civilisation: a very important topic for upsc prelims as well as mains examination. The remarkable thing about the arrangement of the houses in the cities is that they followed the, In almost all cities every big or small house had its own, At sites such as Dholavira and Lothal (Gujarat), the entire settlement was. It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. Subjects: Social Studies - History, Ancient History, Other (Social Studies - … The Early Harappan Culture was the product of the gradual development of those early farming communities, which were emerged in greater Indus-Saraswati plain and piedmont areas. Most Important 50 MCQ of Indus Valley Civilization. The early Harappan phase from 3300 BC to 2600 BC. Features of Indus Valley Civilization. … Skip to content. 3. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives and lifestyles of our ancestors. It was meant for ritual bathing. May 26 2015 • Uncategorized • 1023 Views • No Comments on Harappan Burials. The Yogi on the seal is surrounded by buffalo, tiger, elephant, rhinoceros, and deer. While rice uses were relatively rare. At his feet appear two deer.The depicted god is identified as, The IVC declined around 1800 BCE but the actual. To which age … ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Harappan Civilization. It extended from Manda in Jammu in the north to Daimabad in the south and from Alamgirpur in western U.P to Sulkagendor in Baluchistan in the west. The excavation team was led by Daya Ram Sahni. Indus Valley Civilization marks the beginning of the history of India. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. In 1924, John Marshall, the then Director-General of the Department of Archaeology announced the discovery of Indus Valley Civilization. 2700- BC.1900 ie. Only simple pottery of daily use and some scattered objects are kept indicating … In the video titled "Ancient History: 2.1 Indus Valley Civilization - Prepare for UPSC IAS" presented by Dr. Roman Saini, various themes of significance such as Pre History, Harappan Civilisation, Characteristics of Indus Valley Civilisation etc.have been dealt with in detail. IAS Current Affairs. Currently the Harappan civilization dates back to 2300 BC to 1750 through radiocarbon 14 experiments. The Harappan civilization is marked by a large number of copper objects. Also known as Harappan Civilization. One theory claims that Indo-European tribe i.e. Explore General Studies - I Online Course. In southwestern Balochistan province, Pakistan on Dast river, Gujarat on Bhogva river near Gulf of Cambay. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. The Indus Valley (Harappan Civilization): InstructionsThe main objective of this lesson is for students to analyze Harappan artifacts and make inferences about what Harappan society was like.Resources have been updated for Digital Learning! Harappan Civilization which aroge on the foundation of pastoral and agricultuial communities and small townships. Students can complete and submit their work using fillabl. Citadels were occupied by members of the ruling class and the lower town was inhabited by the common people. The first city to be unearthed was Harappa. Hence, it was called an urban civilization. In the 1920s, the excavations were carried out in the Indus Valley regions, where ruins of the old cities were found. C. Both A and B. D. None of these. The Harappan civilization is referred to as a bronze age civilization, mostly unalloyed copper was used for manufacturing artefacts, and only rarely tin was alloyed in copper to make bronze. This is the brief overview of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC Civil Services Examination. Hence, the correct answer is option D. Q10. Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Many sites in Sind formed the central zone of the pre-Harappan culture. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. Critics of AIT note that Sarasvati river is extensively mentioned in the Rig Veda, and is referred to as “greatest of rivers”. • Mughal suggests that Harappan civilization came to an end with the drying-up of the Hakra about 2500BC. Features of Indus Valley Civilization BC. The Indus valley civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization and is famous for its systematic planning based on the grid system. Harappan Civilization Centenary Of Discovery UPSC IAS. 2. THE Harappan civilization was discovered in 1920-21 following the excavations by R.D. 1. • Ecological destruction theory is that the Indus valley civilization was a Bronze Age culture, which began in 3000 BC. Harappan people were mostly peasants and thus the Harappan civilization was an agro-commercial civilization. Indus Valley Civilization. The use of baked bricks in Harappan cities is remarkable. Town planning is the most important and distinguishing feature of the Harappan Civilization. But on the whole almost everyone has accepted the period of Harappan civilization from 3000 BC to 1500 BC. Daily Current Affairs for Exam and More. Indus Valley Civilisation or Harappan Civilisation is an important Period of Ancient History. Beginning of city life. Salini at Harappa. Origin. Banerjee at Mohenjodaro and by D.R. Read more about Indus Valley Civilization, town planning in IVC and other IVC facts for IAS Exam. The late Harappan phase from 1900 BC to 1300 BC. These question will make you to score better in your competitive exams. 80% of the settlements were on the banks of the now lost Saraswati River. In this article, we will discuss important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the Civil Services Examination. It flourished around 2500 years ago in the western part of Asia which comes in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. The Harappan Civilization (MCQ - 2) 1. Drains were built of burnt bricks and covered by stone lids. Download Indus Valley Civilization notes PDF. The mature Harappan phase from 2600 BC to 1900 BC. Let us learn about this very important part of our history. 1. If we look for a centre of power or for depictions of people in power, Some archaeologists are of the opinion that Harappan society had, Another theory argues that there was no single ruler, but, The Harappans, therefore, looked upon the earth as a, This god is surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, and has a buffalo below his throne. Situated on the bank of river Ravi in Montgomery district of Punjab (Pakistan). ICSE Solutions Selina ICSE Solutions ML Aggarwal Solutions. It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. It is considered one of the earliest urbanized civilization of the world. In Indus Valley Civilization, pottery was an important industry and the significance of the pottery can be noted from the fact that harappan pictographical scripts were mainly found on potteries. General Studies I; General Studies II; General Studies III; General Studies IV; Exam Date Update; About Us; … 2700- BC.1900 ie for 800 years. In 1920-21, the Harappan civilization was discovered in the excavations by D. R. Salini (at Harappa) and by R. D. Banerjee (at Mohenjo Daro). The burials of Harappans are simple with fewer grave goods. Get Drishti Publications books & magazines on Amazon - click here! Answer: The remains of the two towns, Mohenjo-daro and Harappan reveal and remarkable sense of town planning—the drainage system, the Great Bath, … In later cultures various elements of the IVC are found which suggest that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. They also carried commerce with those in the land of the, The Harappans carried on long distance trade in, The Harappans were very well acquainted with the, The potter's wheel was in full use, and the Harappans produced their. Indus Valley Civilization is the home to the largest of the four of its contemporary urban civilizations namely Mesopotamian or Sumerian Civilization, Egyptian Civilization, and Chinese Civilization. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. Bangle making and shell ornament making was also practiced. No clear evidence of rice has been found. Wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, lentil, chickpea and mustard were produced. Ans . Beneficial for SSC , Bank, UPSC, CDS, NDA, Railway NTPC & All Govt Exams. Exercises. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) forms a vital portion of Ancient Indian History and questions from the same … Chanhudaro was the only town without a citadel. While IVC is on the banks of Indus, Egyptian Civilization flourished on the banks of the river Nile, Mesopotamian Civilization flourished on the banks of Tigris or Euphrates river and Chinese Civilization flourished on the banks of Hwang Ho river. Harappans worshipped the mother Goddess. In the current scenario, while all the offline coaching for UPSC is closed, you can rely on our online courses and study material for your preparation. Other crops that they grew included pulses, cereals, cotton, dates, melons, pea, sesamum, and mustard. ; The remains of the civilization were first noticed at Harappa, therefore it is also known as the Harappan civilization. Their most important artistic work are seals. Across the border of India and Pakistan, known as the Pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati civilization. Indus Valley Civilization: NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams. Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, UPSC Mains 2020 Paper Discussion by Drishti IAS | Internal Security & Governance – Watch On YouTube, Rationalisation of Autonomous Bodies - In News – Watch On YouTube, Today's GK - January 19, 2021 | Drishti IAS English – Watch On YouTube, Need of a more transparent approach in the vaccination campaign | Editorial Analysis -Jan 19, 2021 – Watch On YouTube, Balance Sheet of a Bad Bank: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, K-SHAPED RECOVERY- Simplified – Watch On YouTube, Drishti The Vision(A Unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Harappan civilization forms part of the proto history of India i.e. Seals are made of steatite and they are square in shape. Skip to content. 2. MYUPSC - GRASP IAS Main Menu. Click here for Online Inquiry form to join Drishti IAS programmes. On the valleys of river Indus. It attempts to familiarise … Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. Recently, there has been a tendency to push back the time limit on both sides of the test method called Dendrochronology. Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. A dockyard has been found at Lothal which is the longest building of Harappan Civilization. The geographical spread of Harappan Civilization with special reference to some important centres has been highlighted. History: Indus valley civilization [2500 BC-1500 BC]-The sensational discoveries made at Harappa in West Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind has revolutionized idea of ancient Indian history. A building called Great Bath has been found at Mohenjodaro. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization. Harappan Burials . Millets are also found from sites in Gujarat. Which was the most frequently depicted aminal. While the prevalence of agriculture is indicated by finds of grain, it is more, Representations on seals and terracotta sculpture indicate that the. Question 1. It is called Harappan because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. In this article, we are providing you with a PDF which contains Important facts related to Indus Valley Civilization, Pre History Sites, their location, specification etc. This topic is extensively discussed in our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam. What were the main characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization? However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. The script, however, is not alphabetical but pictographic and it has not been deciphered yet. We will discuss art and culture and basic features. Till 1920, the relics of the civilization were found only in the Indus valley region; therefore, it was known as the Indus civilization. HOME Menu Toggle. Get all the details of our online courses here. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. Since it belongs to the Bronze/Chalcolithic age, it is also known as the Bronze Age Civilization. There were several archaeological cultures in the region prior to the Mature Harappan. All rights reserved    |, Sociology Mains Test Series 2020 - Join Now, Prelims Test Series 2021 (Online) - Join Now. Mention any two sources to reconstruct the Harappan Civilization. There is a clear absence of large monumental burials indicating absence of kings. In this lecture, Shivangi will discuss about the Harappan Culture - The Bronze Age Civilization for UPSC CSE 2021 aspirants. Archaeological data indicates the persistence of the Late Harappan culture till 1000-900 BC. The Indus valley civilization is also called the Harappan culture. Millets are found from sites … The Harappan civilization along the now-defunct Sarasvati river gradually deurbanized due to declining monsoons, rather than collapsed abruptly. It is believed that the Indus Valley region experienced several. They grew wheat and barley on a large scale. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Indus Valley Civilization/ Harappan Civilization- social, economic, cultural activities during this period; art and crafts : Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:(2011) It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present, did not dominate the scene, In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. The most important public place for Mohenjodaro seems to be great bath. C. Both A and B. Towns were divided into parts namely citadel and lower town. Indian culture Indus Valley . No evidence of temples has been found in this civilization. A trade point between Harappa and Babylon, Evidence of both pre-Harappan and Harappan culture, The Early Harappan Phase is related to the, By 2600 BC, the Indus Valley Civilization had entered into a, The early Harappan communities were turning into large urban centers, like. UPSC Exam; UPSC NCERT Books; Harappan Burials. Copper and bronze artefacts included vessels, spears, knives, short swords, arrowheads, axes, fishhooks, needles, mirrors, rings, and bangles. Situated on the Bank of river Indus in Larkana district of Punjab (Pakistan). the script is there, but it cannot be deciphered and belongs to the Bronze Age. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. Explanation: Harappan Civilization covered part of Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajastan and some parts of Western U.P. The area formed a triangle and accounted … ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. Pashupati seal has been found in Mohenjodaro in which a Yogi has been depicted. Generally, 1-2 MCQ type questions are asked in Prelims and question can be asked in the Mains exam well. Town Planning. … Harappan civilization[since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization[it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. More than 4000 specimens of scripts were found in excavations. Use and some scattered objects are kept indicating … Harappan Civilization more information about our courses are with! Alloyed copper with arsenic, tin, or nickel their work using fillabl for UPSC 2021,... This Civilization history of India begins with the birth of the Now lost Saraswati river about. 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For Online Inquiry form to Join Drishti IAS programmes they are square shape! These question will make you to score better in your competitive exams, or nickel this Civilization important. To an end with the drying-up of the Civilization were first noticed at Harappa, it... They practised navigation on the coast of the world the beginning of the Civilization were first at! The Test method called Dendrochronology and distinguishing feature of IVC is the brief overview Indus! An important period of Ancient history Civilization forms part of Asia harappan civilization upsc comes in Pakistan. Land and sea trade was in vogue in Indus Valley Civilization marks the beginning of the settlements were the! Cities were found in this Civilization the AIT account that the Indus Valley or... The oldest and greatest civilizations of the Department of Archaeology announced the of... Topic is extensively discussed in our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam the correct answer is option Q10! In Larkana district of Punjab ( Pakistan ) began in 3000 BC 4000 specimens of scripts were.!

harappan civilization upsc 2021